to · infinitive marker /tuː/Full view
to (INFINITIVE)
A1 used with a verb to make an infinitive
Dictionary examples:

She agreed to help.

We were starting to feel cold.

I don't know what to do.

Can you tell me how to get there?

It's not likely to happen.

He told me to wait.

Did anyone ask Daniel to book the room?

There's an awful lot of work to be done.

I need to eat something first.

Learner example:

She likes to go shopping with friend[s]. (Skills for Life (Entry 1); A1; Bulgarian)

to (REASON)
A2 used to give the purpose of something or the reason for doing something
Dictionary examples:

I'm going there to see my sister.

This tool is used to make holes in leather.

Learner example:

Dear Robbie, I'm writing to tell you some information about what we['re going to] do. (Key English Test; A2; Greek)

to (INSTEAD OF VERB)
A2 used instead of repeating a verb clause
Dictionary examples:

"Are you going tonight?" "I'm certainly hoping to."

"Would you like to come?" "I'd love to."

Learner example:

Yes, I'd love to. (Key English Test; A2; Portuguese)

to · preposition /tuː/
to (PLACE)
A1 used to talk about a place or an event where someone goes
Dictionary examples:

We went to California last year.

We could go to town on the bus.

I have to go to the dentist this morning.

We received another invitation to a wedding this morning.

I've asked Helen and Ben to dinner next week.

You can walk from here to the station in under ten minutes.

She walked over to the window.

He went up to a complete stranger and started talking.

Learner example:

I like go[ing] to London. (Skills for Life (Entry 1); A1; Portuguese)

to (TELLING THE TIME)
A1 used to say "before" the hour when you are saying what time it is
Dictionary example:

It's five to three.

from ... to ...
A2 used to give information about periods of time
Dictionary example:

The museum is open from Tuesday to Saturday.

Learner example:

We have the class on Monday from 9 o'clock to 10 o'clock in the morning. (Key English Test; A2; Catalan)

to (RECEIVING)
A2 used to show who receives something or experiences an action
Dictionary examples:

I gave the money to my sister.

Give the gun to me.

Anna was speaking to her mother on the phone.

I lent my bike to my brother.

Who's the letter addressed to?

Learner example:

Please bring it to me tomorrow, because I have to return it to my brother. (Key English Test; A2; Portuguese)

to (POSITION)
B1 used to show the position of someone or something
Dictionary examples:

She stood with her back to the window.

I had my back to them, so I couldn't see what they were doing.

John's standing to the left of Adrian in the photo.

The national park is twenty miles to the north of the city.

Learner example:

My town is situated to the south of Paris. (First Certificate in English; B2; French)

to (AFFECTED)
B1 used to say who is treated in a particular way or who or what is affected by something
Dictionary examples:

What have you done to your hair?

Her evidence was very helpful to the police.

She was very kind to us.

Learner example:

The waiter was really kind to us. We gave him the key of the car and he drove us home. (First Certificate in English; B2; Portuguese)

to (RELATIONSHIP)
B1 used to show a relationship with someone
Dictionary examples:

I've been married to Peter for nine years.

She was an assistant to the chief executive.

Learner example:

She's 38 years old and she's married to a Spanish engineer. (Preliminary English Test; B1; Italian)

to (COMPARE)
B1 used to compare two things
Dictionary examples:

I prefer football to basketball.

She's earning a reasonable wage, but nothing to what she could make in a big company.

Learner example:

I prefer homemade food to re[s]taurant meals. (Preliminary English Test; B1; Russian)

to (UNTIL)
B1 until a particular time, state or level is reached
Dictionary examples:

It's only two weeks to Christmas.

Unemployment has risen to almost eight million.

She nursed me back to health.

to (CONNECTED)
B1 used to say where something is fastened or connected
Dictionary examples:

The paper was fastened to the wall with tape.

A high-speed rail service connects us to the city.

Learner example:

My mouth became so dry that my tongue stuck to my palate. (First Certificate in English; B2; French)

to (RANGE)
B2 used in phrases which show a range
Dictionary example:

There must have been thirty to thirty-five people there.

to date ()
B2 up to the present time
Dictionary example:

This is her best work to date.

Learner example:

I enclose a copy of my curriculum vitae, which will give you further details about my career to date. (First Certificate in English; B2; Italian)

to my mind
B2 used to emphasize that you are giving your own opinion
Dictionary example:

The play, to my mind, was disappointing.

Learner example:

To my mind, The Picture of Dorian Gray is probably his best novel. (First Certificate in English; B2; French)

to cap it off
C1 used when you mention something in addition to all the other bad or disappointing things that have happened
Dictionary example:

It's been a terrible week and now, to cap it off, the car has broken down.

Learner example:

To cap it all, there was often not enough to eat. (Certificate in Advanced English; C1; French)

to the contrary
C1 saying or showing the opposite
Dictionary example:

She claimed she hadn't been involved, despite evidence to the contrary.

Learner example:

Despite claims to the contrary, young people [are] get[ting] more involved in sport[s] activities. (Certificate in Advanced English; C1; Catalan)

to spare
C1 If you have time, money, etc. to spare, you have more than you need.
Dictionary example:

I arrived at the station with more than an hour to spare.

Learner example:

I even started to do the shopping on the Net, and I think this is the perfect solution for the busines[s] woman with family and little time to spare. (Certificate in Advanced English; C1; Italian)

to sb's disappointment/relief/surprise, etc.
C2 used to say that someone feels disappointed/relieved/surprised, etc., by something
Dictionary example:

To my surprise, she decided against going.

Learner example:

However, much to my relief, in the end they reached the main square again and all went to the surrounding bars to celebrate the feast in a more relaxed way. (Certificate of Proficiency in English; C2; Polish)

to death
C2 until you die
Dictionary example:

Fire ants stung a woman to death.

Learner example:

She would have been trampled to death as the stampede of furious fans came over her. (Certificate of Proficiency in English; C2; German)

to all intents and purposes
C2 in all the most important ways
Dictionary example:

To all intents and purposes, the project was a disaster.

Learner example:

To all intents and purposes, the qualities needed to achieve success are based on the same ideas. (Certificate of Proficiency in English; C2; French)

to sb's credit
C2 If something is to someone's credit, they deserve praise for it.
Dictionary example:

To his credit, Bill never blamed her for the incident.

Learner example:

He also has good sportsmanship, to his credit. (International English Language Testing System; C2; Urdu)

to sb's satisfaction
C2 as well as someone wants
Dictionary example:

He won't get paid until he completes the job to my satisfaction.

Learner example:

However, I do hope that you will settle this matter to everybod[y’]s satisfaction within a couple of days. (Certificate of Proficiency in English; C2; Danish)

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