|Element||FORM: 'IF' + PRESENT SIMPLE|
|Cando||Can form conditional subordinate clause with 'if' + present simple.|
|Corrected Learner Example||It is 3 hours long, and if you want to pass it you will have to study very hard, it is very difficult. (Italy; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2006; Italian; Pass)
If you buy a gift for me, please buy a book, because I love to read. (Brazil; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2004; Portuguese; Pass)
If you agree, we can go shopping after the film. (Argentina; A2 WAYSTAGE; 2003; Spanish - Latin American; Pass)
|Uncorrected Learner Example|
|Comments||At A1, there are instances of 'if' + present, mostly with 'need' and 'want' but they are limited to a narrow range of L1s and many have errors. Most are suggestions and offers, e.g. 'If you need my help, you can call me.' There are examples of 'if' + present + 'will' at A2 but they are mostly limited to Romance L1s and very often not appropriate.
Note on punctuation: many grammar books stress that when the 'if' clause precedes the main clause, it must use a comma. We cannot establish a consistent competency for this (and punctuation in general). It seems too idiosyncratic. L1 can be a skewing factor.