Element FORM/USE: 'IF' + PAST PERFECT + 'WOULD HAVE' + '-ED', IMAGINED SITUATION, REGRET|(THIRD CONDITIONAL)
SuperCat CLAUSES
SubCat conditional
Lexical Range N/A
Level B1
Cando Can form conditional subordinate clauses with 'if' + past perfect simple and 'would have' + '-ed' in the main clause, to talk about imagined situations in the past, often with regret.
Corrected Learner Example If they had not been there, I would have been very lonely. (Vietnam; B1 THRESHOLD; 2001; Vietnamese; Pass)

If I hadn't gone to these horse-riding lessons, I wouldn't have lost my watch. (Argentina; B1 THRESHOLD; 2000; Polish; Pass)

I realise that if I hadn't agreed with my parents to go to the concert I wouldn't have met Britney Spears. (Spain; B1 THRESHOLD; 2006; Catalan; Pass)
Uncorrected Learner Example
Comments This is often taught at B2 but there is sufficient evidence in the CLC to show that learners are successfully using it at B1.

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