Element FORM/USE: ORGANISING, OPENINGS AND CLOSINGS, FORMAL
SuperCat DISCOURSE MARKERS
SubCat discourse markers in writing
Lexical Range N/A
Level B2
Cando Can use a range of phrases as discourse markers to open and close texts and point to conclusions, often in formal contexts.
Corrected Learner Example To begin with, I want to ensure that you are going to have a great time with us. (Greece; B2 VANTAGE; 2009; Greek; Pass)

For a start, we have lived with books for thousands of years while television is only half a century old. (Portugal; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Portuguese; Pass)

In conclusion, if people in zoos look after the animals, it isn't cruel to keep an animal in zoo. (Spain; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Catalan; Pass)

To sum up, I think that whether you use a car or a bicycle depends on several aspects: where you live, when you work, the weather, and also the kind of job you do. (Italy; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; Italian; Pass)

In summary I would like to say that the majority of students is willing to help with cleaning, collecting the rubbish or even giving up their cars. (B2 VANTAGE; 2009; Polish; Pass)
Uncorrected Learner Example
Comments N/A

Cambridge University Press