Element FORM: DIRECT SPEECH, REPORTING CLAUSE, INVERTED SUBJECT
SuperCat REPORTED SPEECH
SubCat reported speech
Lexical Range N/A
Level B2
Cando Can report speech directly inverting the subject and verb in the reporting clause where the subject is a proper noun or noun phrase.
Corrected Learner Example "I was astonished when I saw them standing there", said John. (Netherlands; B2 VANTAGE; 1999; Dutch; Pass)

"Who are you?" asked Peter. (Turkey; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Turkish; Pass)

"Would you mind lending me a part of your newspaper?" said a whispering voice. (Switzerland; B2 VANTAGE; 1993; German; Pass)

What do you think about this? said the Inspector to the policeman. (Spain; B2 VANTAGE; 1997; Spanish - European; Fail)
Uncorrected Learner Example
Comments This is a low frequency form in the CLC. There are examples of verb + subject ('said Maria', 'said Lisa') at B1 too but they are very task skewed.

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